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Treatment guidelines

Single tooth

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General patient history

It is helpful if a clinician is situated so that his/her eyes are at the level of the patient's eyes. For example, if the patient is seated, the clinician should also be seated. It is beneficial if the interview between clinician and...

Systemic factors
Patient assessment
Preoperative procedures
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Treatment guidelines

Edentulous

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Comprehensive treatment concepts, Zygomatic implants

Conventional dentures are a common treatment option, but, when bone is missing, they may not meet functional, psychological and social needs of the individual. Classical surgical approaches include different...

Radiology
Edentulous treatments
Implants in compromised sites
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Treatment guidelines

Edentulous

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Anatomical location

Oral implants are usually placed in the mandibular and maxillary bone and sometimes in additional bone structures such as the zygomatic, pterygoid or vomer bone. In order to identify relevant anatomical structures, diagnostic evaluation of the anatomy...

Radiology
Implants in compromised sites
Patient assessment
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Treatment guidelines

Edentulous

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Comprehensive treatment concepts, Pterygoid implants

In the edentulous upper jaw the placement of implants can be challenging due to limited bone quantity and the presence of the maxillary sinus. Pterygoid implants have high success rates, similar bone loss levels to those of ...

Posterior implants
Edentulous treatments
Implants in compromised sites
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Treatment guidelines

Edentulous

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Cement-retained restorations, overview

Cement-retained restorations are a traditional design to attach a restoration (crown, bridge) to an implant-retained abutment, similar to cementing a crown or bridge restoration on a natural tooth. With the traditional, relatively...

CAD/CAM
Prosthetic materials
Implant prosthetics
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Treatment guidelines

Edentulous

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All-on-4® treatment concept

Patients wearing complete dentures often suffer from esthetic and functional discomfort and compromised denture retention and chewing function. Denture adhesives are often applied. Many patients perceive this...

Edentulous treatments
Implants in compromised sites
Immediate loading / provisionalization
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Treatment guidelines

Edentulous

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Pterygoid implants

In the edentulous upper jaw the placement of implants can be challenging due to limited bone quantity and the presence of the maxillary sinus. Pterygoid implants present an alternative option to use residual bone for implant anchorage and to overcome the need for...

Posterior implants
Implants in compromised sites
Success & failure
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Treatment guidelines

Edentulous

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Zygomatic implants

Indications

Zygomatic implants have been documented as a an alternative for the rehabilitation of the atrophic posterior maxilla with both the classical two stage and immediate loading protocols. Zygomatic implants avoid grafting and sinus lift procedures and therefore contribut...

Posterior implants
Implants in compromised sites
Success & failure
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Treatment guidelines

Edentulous

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Grafting, mandible

In the edentulous lower jaw implant insertion can be limited due to bone resorption processes and the resulting superficial alveolar nerve topography. In the anterior region less than 5-6 mm in height and 6 mm in width requires bone grafting before implant placement...

Edentulous treatments
Implants in compromised sites
Bone grafting and regeneration
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Treatment guidelines

Edentulous

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Direct to implant vs. abutment

Advantages of abutment-supported prostheses are 1) When implants are not parallel to each other, the use of angulated abutments can "correct" for the non-parallelism 2) Angulated abutments are available for a screw-retained prosthesis and 3) Custom abutments can be...

Prosthetic strategies
Prosthetic materials
Implant prosthetics
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Treatment guidelines

Edentulous

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Choice of implant

The majority of commercially available implants are variations of Brånemark’s original design of a screw which he coined as 'fixtures'. This has been the starting point for numerous current market variations that incorporate convergent themes of implant material...

Implant designs
Implant surfaces
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Treatment guidelines

Edentulous

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Alveolar atrophy and insufficiency

Teeth extractions are followed by a reduction of the bucco-lingual as well as the vertical dimension of the residual alveolar ridge. The ensuing resorption is progressive and even the basal jaw may become involved. In the lower jaw, the....

Radiology
Systemic factors
Patient assessment
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Treatment guidelines

Edentulous

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Soft tissue and hard tissue

Removable prostheses should always be removed over night. Since the acrylic denture base is tightly covering the keratinised mucosa, it often leads to fungal/candida infections of the ginigiva under the prosthesis....

Aftercare / follow up
Fixed prosthetics
Removable prosthetics
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Treatment guidelines

Edentulous

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Radiological Control

At the beginning of the recall control it is necessary to define the intention of a radiograhical control and if it is needed. Radiological controls are only justified in the presence of certain symptoms, anamnesis and/or clinical examination...

Radiology
Aftercare / follow up
Peri-implant therapy
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Treatment guidelines

Edentulous

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Post operative soft tissue management

After treatment of edentulous patients, there is no need to schedule specific recalls for soft tissue control. Traditional post-operative controls at day 1 - 3, day 7 - 14 and week 4 - 6 after surgery involve soft tissue control and...

Aftercare / follow up
Success & failure