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Treatment guidelines

It is helpful if a clinician is situated so that his/her eyes are at the level of the patient's eyes. For example, if the patient is seated, the clinician should also be seated. It is beneficial if the interview between clinician and...

Systemic factors
Patient assessment
Preoperative procedures
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Treatment guidelines

Cement-retained restorations are a traditional design to attach a restoration (crown, bridge) to an implant-retained abutment, similar to cementing a crown or bridge restoration on a natural tooth. With the traditional, relatively...

CAD/CAM
Prosthetic materials
Implant prosthetics
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Treatment guidelines

Implant supported overdentures are an evidence-based treatment option for edentulous patients leading to a significantly increased quality of life.
There are various retention elements available which connect the implants directly...

CAD/CAM
Prosthetic materials
Implant prosthetics
icon-treatment_guides_article

Treatment guidelines

Implant overdentures are an excellent treatment option for edentulous patients and lead to significant improvement of quality of life. There are various options for their retention mechanism...

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Prosthetic materials
Implant prosthetics
Removable prosthetics
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Treatment guidelines

The tradition to insert 6 implants, and eventually more, in an arch-wide pattern dates back to the early days of osseointegration when implants with a machined surface were used and risk for early...

Implant prosthetics
Biomechanics and occlusion
Success & failure
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Treatment guidelines

Advantages of abutment-supported prostheses are 1) When implants are not parallel to each other, the use of angulated abutments can "correct" for the non-parallelism 2) Angulated abutments are available for a screw-retained prosthesis and 3) Custom abutments can be...

Prosthetic strategies
Prosthetic materials
Implant prosthetics
icon-treatment_guides_article

Treatment guidelines

The treatment of the edentulous jaw can be a mixture of placing implants in healed and fresh extraction sockets. Unequal hard and soft tissue levels around the implants (Fig. 1&2), especially in the interforaminal region, can be adjusted by leveling the bone...

Immediate implant placement
Success & failure
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Treatment guidelines

Teeth extractions are followed by a reduction of the bucco-lingual as well as the vertical dimension of the residual alveolar ridge. The ensuing resorption is progressive and even the basal jaw may become involved. In the lower jaw, the....

Radiology
Systemic factors
Patient assessment
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Treatment guidelines

This is the reversible inflammatory process in the soft tissues around functioning implants. Peri-implant mucositis occurs in almost 60% of subjects (± 30% of sites), restored with implants. Diagnosis is stated by clinical examination: redness, ...

Peri-implantitis
Peri-implant therapy
Local factors
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Treatment guidelines

After treatment of edentulous patients, there is no need to schedule specific recalls for soft tissue control. Traditional post-operative controls at day 1 - 3, day 7 - 14 and week 4 - 6 after surgery involve soft tissue control and...

Aftercare / follow up
Success & failure
icon-treatment_guides_article

Treatment guidelines

Edentulous

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Bleeding

Damage of sublingual arteries can lead to intense hemorrhage. Subsequent elevation of floor of the mouth can lead to (fatal) airway obstruction ! An early symptom of sublingual swelling may be a muffled speech. In such situation ensure free airways (intubation, tracheotomy),...

Aftercare / follow up
Success & failure
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Treatment guidelines

Attachment selection

The relative merits of different prosthodontic treatment objectives - resilient versus rigid attachments - are controversial and empirical. A resilient retention mechanism is recommended on the assumption that this will protect implants from overload; while in...

Prosthetic materials
Implant prosthetics
Biomechanics and occlusion
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Treatment guidelines

A fixed prosthesis offers benefits from both a functional and esthetic point of view and may be regarded as quite similar to a patient's own natural dentition when compared to alternative treatment options such as complete dentures....

CAD/CAM
Prosthetic materials
Implant prosthetics
icon-treatment_guides_article

Treatment guidelines

Edentulous

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Mouth opening

Most patients’ mouth opening readily permits access for routine prosthodontic and surgical treatment interventions. Limited mouth opening or microstomia is encountered in patients exposed to sclerodermia, diffuse systemic...

Temporomandibular Joint
Systemic factors
Patient assessment
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Treatment guidelines

Edentulous

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Risk factors

Relevant risk factors for implant treatment:

  • Children and adolescents (during ongoing bone/skeletal development), unless in selected anodontia patients. However, implant placement for orthodontic treatment purposes is indicated.
  • Uncontrolled metabolic diseases such as Diabetes Mellit...
Local factors
Systemic factors
Patient assessment