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Treatment guidelines

Patients wearing complete dentures often suffer from esthetic and functional discomfort and compromised denture retention and chewing function. Denture adhesives are often applied. Many patients perceive this...

Edentulous treatments
Implants in compromised sites
Immediate loading / provisionalization
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Treatment guidelines

In the edentulous lower jaw implant insertion can be limited due to bone resorption processes and the resulting superficial alveolar nerve topography. In the anterior region less than 5-6 mm in height and 6 mm in width requires bone grafting before implant placement...

Edentulous treatments
Implants in compromised sites
Bone grafting and regeneration
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Treatment guidelines

Traditional endosseous oral implant treatment protocols ad modum Brånemark required a variable healing period (usually 3-6 months) before prosthesis placement. The healing period was considered necessary to achieve osseointegration and establish a load-bearing interface...

Immediate loading / provisionalization
Success & failure
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Treatment guidelines

The scientific literature shows that short implants with a length of ≥ 6 mm are able to support prosthetics in the edentulous mandible. After tooth removal the mandible displays different degrees of atrophy (Fig 1&2). Regarding hard tissue management...

Radiology
Bone grafting and regeneration
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Treatment guidelines

There are three main indications for grafting from an anatomical perspective...

Radiology
Bone grafting and regeneration
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Treatment guidelines

3-D imaging seems the best option unless clinical examination reveals an ample bone volume. The bone quality can be derived from density measurements if CT scan images are available or approximately from the trabecular pattern of 2-D images. Pano....

Radiology
Bone grafting and regeneration
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Treatment guidelines

Surgery using a drill guide fabricated on the basis of CT scan images transformed by a planning software offers several clinical advantages...

Radiology
Digital workflow
Guided Surgery
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Treatment guidelines

In the edentulous upper jaw implant insertion can be limited due to the adjacent anatomical structures (nasal floor, maxillary sinus). Less than 5-6 mm in height and 6 mm in width requires augmentation before implant placement....

Bone grafting and regeneration
Sinus augmentation
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Treatment guidelines

This is the reversible inflammatory process in the soft tissues around functioning implants. Peri-implant mucositis occurs in almost 60% of subjects (± 30% of sites), restored with implants. Diagnosis is stated by clinical examination: redness, ...

Peri-implantitis
Peri-implant therapy
Local factors
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Treatment guidelines

Inflammation can be limited to the soft tissue around the implant (mucositis) or involve the underlying bone tissue as well (peri-implantitis). Infection can be caused by various risk factors, such as inadequate hygiene and patient compliance...

Peri-implantitis
Aftercare / follow up
Peri-implant therapy
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Treatment guidelines

Presence/number of implants influences aerobe and anaerobe species in saliva and on tongue in edentulism. Subgingival microbiota in periimplantitis vary according to studies. Less periodontal pathogens than in partial edentulism. Prevotella nigrescens,...

Peri-implantitis
Aftercare / follow up
Peri-implant therapy
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Treatment guidelines

Whenever possible, provisional restorations should be fabricated to simulate the desired definitive prosthesis in form, albeit with different and less durable materials. The lessened durability and functional capacity of a provisional restoration...

Immediate loading / provisionalization
Aftercare / follow up
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Treatment guidelines

The patient with a terminal dentition and who faces total teeth extractions can choose from a number of treatment options from immediate complete denture to one of the implant supported protocols.
Immediate dentures are chosen by patients who are unwilling...

Biomechanics and occlusion
Immediate loading / provisionalization
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Treatment guidelines

Edentulous

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Provisionals

Conceptually, a provisional prosthesis for an edentulous patient is a convenient tool that offers the patient a satisfactory level of function and esthetic appearance while definitive treatment is undertaken...

Guided Surgery
Immediate loading / provisionalization
Diagnosis and treatment planning
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Treatment guidelines

Edentulous

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Smoking

Smoking and nicotine consumption have a constrictive effect on blood vessels thereby reducing blood supply. It increases the susceptibility to periodontal inflammatory diseases, dry extraction sockets and wound healing...

Peri-implantitis
Systemic factors
Patient assessment