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Treatment guidelines

A commonly used option for fixed restorations is a metal or zirconia framework with ceramic or acrylic veneering. The amount of alveolar bone resorption determines whether teeth or teeth and soft tissue must be replaced...

Digital workflow
CAD/CAM
Prosthetic materials
icon-treatment_guides_article

Treatment guidelines

Cement-retained restorations are a traditional design to attach a restoration (crown, bridge) to an implant-retained abutment, similar to cementing a crown or bridge restoration on a natural tooth. With the traditional, relatively...

CAD/CAM
Prosthetic materials
Implant prosthetics
icon-treatment_guides_article

Treatment guidelines

Frameworks are veneered with veneering materials, to design the esthetics and shape of the definitive restoration. Framework material options for acrylic veneering include titanium, (CrCo) Cobalt - Chrome and precious alloys...

CAD/CAM
Prosthetic materials
Implant prosthetics
icon-treatment_guides_article

Treatment guidelines

Frameworks can be made from titanium, zirconia, precious alloys and Co-Cr base alloys and can be cement-retained or screw-retained. With minimal bone resorption, a ceramo-metal restoration is preferable to accommodate interarch...

CAD/CAM
Prosthetic materials
Implant prosthetics
icon-treatment_guides_article

Treatment guidelines

Implant-based prostheses can be cement-retained, screw-retained or a combination of both (Fig 1). By definition, an abutment is a component that is intermediate between the implant and the restoration and it is usually screw...

CAD/CAM
Prosthetic strategies
Prosthetic materials
icon-treatment_guides_article

Treatment guidelines

Implant supported overdentures are an evidence-based treatment option for edentulous patients leading to a significantly increased quality of life.
There are various retention elements available which connect the implants directly...

CAD/CAM
Prosthetic materials
Implant prosthetics
icon-treatment_guides_article

Treatment guidelines

Implant overdentures are an excellent treatment option for edentulous patients and lead to significant improvement of quality of life. There are various options for their retention mechanism...

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Prosthetic materials
Implant prosthetics
Removable prosthetics
icon-treatment_guides_article

Treatment guidelines

Edentulous

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Sinus lifting

Less than 4-6 mm of vertical residual bone height in the posterior segment of the maxilla is an indication for a sinus augmentation procedure [Esposito]. The external access to the maxillary sinus is carried out at a lateral buccal alveolar...

Posterior implants
Sinus augmentation
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Treatment guidelines

Advantages of abutment-supported prostheses are 1) When implants are not parallel to each other, the use of angulated abutments can "correct" for the non-parallelism 2) Angulated abutments are available for a screw-retained prosthesis and 3) Custom abutments can be...

Prosthetic strategies
Prosthetic materials
Implant prosthetics
icon-treatment_guides_article

Treatment guidelines

In the edentulous upper jaw implant insertion can be limited due to the adjacent anatomical structures (nasal floor, maxillary sinus). Less than 5-6 mm in height and 6 mm in width requires augmentation before implant placement....

Bone grafting and regeneration
Sinus augmentation
icon-treatment_guides_article

Treatment guidelines

Attachment selection

The relative merits of different prosthodontic treatment objectives - resilient versus rigid attachments - are controversial and empirical. A resilient retention mechanism is recommended on the assumption that this will protect implants from overload; while in...

Prosthetic materials
Implant prosthetics
Biomechanics and occlusion
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Treatment guidelines

A fixed prosthesis offers benefits from both a functional and esthetic point of view and may be regarded as quite similar to a patient's own natural dentition when compared to alternative treatment options such as complete dentures....

CAD/CAM
Prosthetic materials
Implant prosthetics
icon-treatment_guides_article

Treatment guidelines

Routine evaluation of a patient’s temporo-mandibular joint function is an integral part of any oral examination.
Moreover, good muscular control and painless coordination of jaw movements are desirable in the management of edentulism...

Temporomandibular Joint
Patient assessment
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Treatment guidelines

Edentulous

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Mouth opening

Most patients’ mouth opening readily permits access for routine prosthodontic and surgical treatment interventions. Limited mouth opening or microstomia is encountered in patients exposed to sclerodermia, diffuse systemic...

Temporomandibular Joint
Systemic factors
Patient assessment
icon-treatment_guides_article

Treatment guidelines

Edentulous

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Parafunction

Parafunctional activities can apply high forces to both implant and prosthetic components. These forces can lead to fracture or loosening of screws and abutments, chipping of the veneering material or fracture of the prosthetic reconstruction...

Temporomandibular Joint
Implant designs
Biomechanics and occlusion