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Treatment guidelines

Teeth loss in the maxilla initiates residual ridge/alveolar resorption, especially in the anterior region, which is flared labially. The consequences of this resorption is a gradual medial or palatal shift of the crest of the maxilla. This...

Patient assessment
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Treatment guidelines

The process of informed consent requires a thorough communication between healthcare professional and patient. The communication should minimally comprise...

Patient assessment
Preoperative procedures
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Treatment guidelines

There are several treatment options for a single missing tooth; the most common are an implant-supported crown, a 3-unit fixed partial denture supported by two natural teeth, a fixed resin-bonded fixed partial denture, a removable partial denture...

Patient assessment
icon-treatment_guides_article

Treatment guidelines

The application of implants for single-tooth replacements has evolved into a viable surgical and prosthodontic treatment option with reporting of excellent implant survival rates and satisfied patients. Psychological benefits of restoring the dental...

Diagnosis and treatment planning
Patient assessment
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Treatment guidelines

It is helpful if a clinician is situated so that his/her eyes are at the level of the patient's eyes. For example, if the patient is seated, the clinician should also be seated. It is beneficial if the interview between clinician and...

Systemic factors
Patient assessment
Preoperative procedures
icon-treatment_guides_article

Treatment guidelines

The primary goal is a proper oral function. This implies not only chewing but also speaking, smiling. Patients’ adaptability varies enormously. Some are satisfied with removable dentures, others object to the esthetics of...

Local factors
Patient assessment
icon-treatment_guides_article

Treatment guidelines

Edentulous

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Anesthesia

The choice of anesthesia depends on many variables including the complexity of treatment, duration of treatment, need for patient awareness and the response during treatment, only to name a few. In general, the clinician and patient should discuss the...

Patient assessment
Preoperative procedures
icon-treatment_guides_article

Treatment guidelines

Teeth extractions are followed by a reduction of the bucco-lingual as well as the vertical dimension of the residual alveolar ridge. The ensuing resorption is progressive and even the basal jaw may become involved. In the lower jaw, the....

Radiology
Systemic factors
Patient assessment
icon-treatment_guides_article

Treatment guidelines

As described in Patient Assessment, a thorough evaluation of patient factors influencing whether to proceed with surgical therapy is relevant.
Depending on the tpe of surgery prescribe pre-operative medication (for example antibiotic coverage), if...

Patient assessment
Preoperative procedures
icon-treatment_guides_article

Treatment guidelines

Physiological salivary output is 0.75 to 1.5 liters per day, with most originating from the submandibular glands. Saliva is a lubricant and has a complex set of protective and healing functions for the oral cavity. It adheres instantly to...

Local factors
Patient assessment
icon-treatment_guides_article

Treatment guidelines

Edentulous

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Occlusion

A universally accepted definition of ideal occlusion has been elusive. This is because an ideal occlusion can only be defined in broad terms of a physiological range of form and function. Functional aspects of occlusion, rather than specific anatomical...

Biomechanics and occlusion
Patient assessment
icon-treatment_guides_article

Treatment guidelines

Saliva plays a significant role in the preservation and maintenance of oral health and function. It supports digestion by preparing food for mastication and swallowing, contributes to taste perception, facilitates speech communication and provides oral tissues...

Local factors
Patient assessment
icon-treatment_guides_article

Treatment guidelines

The gingiva is tightly connected to the underlying periosteum. It is globally keratinized and has a stippled surface. Its color varies from pink to brown or even black, depending on race and/or melanin deposits. It can be distinguished from alveolar mucosa, which...

Soft tissue management
Patient assessment
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Treatment guidelines

Examination of existing dentures provides invaluable information on patients’ perceptions of teeth and soft tissue esthetics, including facial vertical dimension support. It also informs clinicians regarding their patients’ overall...

Diagnosis and treatment planning
Patient assessment
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Treatment guidelines

Routine evaluation of a patient’s temporo-mandibular joint function is an integral part of any oral examination.
Moreover, good muscular control and painless coordination of jaw movements are desirable in the management of edentulism...

Temporomandibular Joint
Patient assessment