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Treatment guidelines

Cement-retained restorations are a traditional design to attach a restoration (crown, bridge) to an implant-retained abutment, similar to cementing a crown or bridge restoration on a natural tooth. With the traditional, relatively...

CAD/CAM
Prosthetic materials
Implant prosthetics
icon-treatment_guides_article

Treatment guidelines

Frameworks are veneered with veneering materials, to design the esthetics and shape of the definitive restoration. Framework material options for acrylic veneering include titanium, (CrCo) Cobalt - Chrome and precious alloys...

CAD/CAM
Prosthetic materials
Implant prosthetics
icon-treatment_guides_article

Treatment guidelines

Frameworks can be made from titanium, zirconia, precious alloys and Co-Cr base alloys and can be cement-retained or screw-retained. With minimal bone resorption, a ceramo-metal restoration is preferable to accommodate interarch...

CAD/CAM
Prosthetic materials
Implant prosthetics
icon-treatment_guides_article

Treatment guidelines

Implant-based prostheses can be cement-retained, screw-retained or a combination of both (Fig 1). By definition, an abutment is a component that is intermediate between the implant and the restoration and it is usually screw...

CAD/CAM
Prosthetic strategies
Prosthetic materials
icon-treatment_guides_article

Treatment guidelines

Indications

Zygomatic implants have been documented as a an alternative for the rehabilitation of the atrophic posterior maxilla with both the classical two stage and immediate loading protocols. Zygomatic implants avoid grafting and sinus lift procedures and therefore contribut...

Posterior implants
Implants in compromised sites
Success & failure
icon-treatment_guides_article

Treatment guidelines

Advantages of abutment-supported prostheses are 1) When implants are not parallel to each other, the use of angulated abutments can "correct" for the non-parallelism 2) Angulated abutments are available for a screw-retained prosthesis and 3) Custom abutments can be...

Prosthetic strategies
Prosthetic materials
Implant prosthetics
icon-treatment_guides_article

Treatment guidelines

Removable prostheses should always be removed over night. Since the acrylic denture base is tightly covering the keratinised mucosa, it often leads to fungal/candida infections of the ginigiva under the prosthesis....

Aftercare / follow up
Fixed prosthetics
Removable prosthetics
icon-treatment_guides_article

Treatment guidelines

This is the reversible inflammatory process in the soft tissues around functioning implants. Peri-implant mucositis occurs in almost 60% of subjects (± 30% of sites), restored with implants. Diagnosis is stated by clinical examination: redness, ...

Peri-implantitis
Peri-implant therapy
Local factors
icon-treatment_guides_article

Treatment guidelines

Edentulous

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Post-placement

At this appointment, a careful evaluation of the patient's oral hygiene and soft tissue response is performed and adjustments made as needed. A daily home-care program must be customized to the individual's ability to clean the...

Aftercare / follow up
Fixed prosthetics
Oral hygiene instructions
icon-treatment_guides_article

Treatment guidelines

Edentulous

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Placement

Placement of a provisional prosthesis takes place by attaching the conversion denture (either patient's exisiting prosthesis or a new conversion denture) to the implants or to implant abutments. The provisional prosthesis can be...

Implant prosthetics
Fixed prosthetics
icon-treatment_guides_article

Treatment guidelines

All tissue surfaces, prosthesis surfaces and implant surfaces should be accessible by oral hygiene aids like toothbrushes, interdental brushes and dental floss or dental tape. It is paramount that, during treatment planning...

Aftercare / follow up
Fixed prosthetics
Oral hygiene instructions
icon-treatment_guides_article

Treatment guidelines

The regular recall control appointment, at least every 6 months, should comprise a hygiene check by the dental/oral hygienist or other auxiliary, and include professional cleaning of the restoration, prosthetic components, sulcus and any...

Aftercare / follow up
Fixed prosthetics
Oral hygiene instructions
icon-treatment_guides_article

Treatment guidelines

A fixed prosthesis offers benefits from both a functional and esthetic point of view and may be regarded as quite similar to a patient's own natural dentition when compared to alternative treatment options such as complete dentures....

CAD/CAM
Prosthetic materials
Implant prosthetics
icon-treatment_guides_article

Treatment guidelines

Edentulous

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Smoking

Smoking and nicotine consumption have a constrictive effect on blood vessels thereby reducing blood supply. It increases the susceptibility to periodontal inflammatory diseases, dry extraction sockets and wound healing...

Peri-implantitis
Systemic factors
Patient assessment
icon-treatment_guides_article

Treatment guidelines

Edentulous

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Age

Edentulism as a consequence of (sub)total agenesis of deciduous and/or permanent teeth in children and adolescents is extremely rare. It is commonly a component of a generalized underlying condition such as ectodermal dysplasia. There are...

Fixed prosthetics
Removable prosthetics
Local factors