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Treatment guidelines

Dentogingival complex and biologic width

Key points

  • The biological width is determined by the keratinized oral epithelium, the peri-implant junctional epithelium, and the sub-epithelial connective tissue.
  • Gingiva and peri-implant mucosa differ in composition of cells, fibers, collagen, and vessels.

Clinical topics

Soft tissue management

Digital Textbooks

eBook: Single Implants and their Restoration
Single implants and their restoration
Oral implants, as well as natural teeth, have to pierce the oral mucosa and enter the oral cavity to be functionally useful. This penetration establishes a transmucosal communication between the inner parts of the body and the external environment for multiple toxic micro-organisms or substances.


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