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Treatment guidelines

Temporo-mandibular disorders (TMD)

Key points

  • TMD is a collective term describing a group of musculoskeletal conditions affecting the temporo-mandibular joint area.
  • A missing single-tooth may cause tooth movements, which in turn may induce grinding.
  • A missing single-tooth replaced with a controlled precision-made implant-supported crown may rarely, if ever, cause TMJ dysfunction.

Digital Textbooks

eBook: The Temporomandibular Joint
The Temporomandibular Joint
Biomechanical studies of the relationship between and cranial form and function have frequently appeared in dental and engineering literature since the mid-to-late 90s. It is known that deformation of the cranial vault occurs during contraction of the temporalis muscle, most particularly the anterior portion of the muscle. Craniofacial osseous stress and strain occurring during mastication is moderated by the unique, complex suture types found throughout the skull.


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