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Treatment guidelines

Single tooth efficiency model (STEM)

Key points

  • Local conditions; patient in need of single-tooth extraction because of trauma/fracture, external/internal root resorption, advanced caries/periodontal disease.
  • Consider patient´s general/local symptoms, clinical and radiographic signs of infection, condition of adjacent teeth, patient´s desires/expectations.
  • Extraction resulting in intact alveolar bone walls, elimination of infection, and provided that standard prerequisites are at hand for implant placement, consider STEM, i.e. extraction with immediate implant placement and immediate loading.

Digital Textbooks

eBook: Single Implants and their Restoration
Single implants and their restoration
Over the past 20 years there have been significant changes from the original Brånemark implant treatment protocols. Perhaps foremost has been immediate implant placement at the time of extraction which has become a viable treatment method. In addition, barrier membranes and grafting materials have been successfully used in conjunction with the immediate placement to augment extraction sockets and bony defects adjacent to immediately-placed implants.


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